Naples Botanical Garden: green oasis in the urban context

Orto Botanico di Napoli

Orto Botanico di Napoli


In the historic street of Naples called Via Foria, animated by antique shops, rotisseraries and confectioneries, arises  a surprising natural oasis of peace and well-being: the Naples Botanical Garden, an area with an extension of 12 hectares and 25,000 specimens.

Alternating a walk in the lively historic center, right at the door, where art and folklore sparkle, with a relaxing stroll in the greenery, is undoubtedly a pleasant way to spend a day in town.

Entrance naples botanical garden

Origins and history of Naples Botanical Garden

Founded by Giuseppe Bonaparte, the Naples Botanical Garden saw its dawns in 1811 during French rule with the aim of multiplying the spices useful to health, agriculture and industry.

inside naples botanical garden

The first director of the Orto, Michele Tenore, emphasized scientific research and teaching activity. Many species of medicine were cultivated, alongside exotic plants. He also devoted significant attention to foreign relations, in touch with the major botanical institutions in Europe. At the end of his experience as manager of the structure, in 1860, the Naples Botanical Garden boasted a rich range of cultivated species, which still are 9,000.

Today the Orto is one of the structures of Federico II University and is part of the Faculty of Mathematical, Physical and Natural Sciences.

Roses naples botanical garden

Expositive areas

The Naples Botanical Garden offers a number of keys to reading its paths. Major plants, bioinvasions or water influences on biodiversity are just a few examples of the thematic routes that can be made.

Desert of naples botanical garden

Expositive areas are classified in that way:

  • Area for the blind
  • Area of ​​the plants cited in the Bible
  • Citrus orchard
  • Area of the Pinophyta
  • Fernery
  • Arboretum
  • Maquis
  • Desert
  • Palm Grove
  • Area of ​​Magnoliophyta
  • Rockery
  • Beach
  • Epiphyte plants
  • Peat Bog
  • Aquatic plants
  • Bulbous, tuberous and rhizomatic
  • Area of ​​the Camellias
  • Area of ​​”Bamboo”
  • Insectivorous plants
  • Area of ​​Myrtales
  • Area of ​​Moraceae
  • Nursery
  • Garden of Hamadryads

Insectivorous plants

Insectivorous plants Naples botanical garden

Aquatic plants

Aquatic plants naples botanical garden


Greenhouses and other structures

In the greenhouses  are grown plant wshose vitality does not belong to the Mediterranean climate. Inside, the temperature and humidity are carefully adjusted to recreate the ideal conditions for the survival of exotic species of particular interest.

Merola Grenhouse Naples Botanical Garden

The Naples Botanical Garden includes five greenhouses: MerolaCalifanoReproduction and Multiplication of ferns and orchidsUseful plant  and Tropical and Mangroves.

Merola greenhouse intern naples botanical garden
Tropical and mangroves greenhouse "Paolo De Luca" naples botanical garden

Another interesting visitable building is the Castle built between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, now the home of administrative and technical activities, as well as the Paleobotanic and Ethnobotanic Museum.

Castle and Museum of Palaeobotany and Ethnonotany naples botanical garden

In the Experimental Section of Medicinal Plants, are kept  seed of many useful plants and other types of vegetable specimens. Here we find:

  • Exhibition area of ​​useful plants
  • Medicinal herbs
  • Poisonous Plants
  • Chrome-sensory garden
  • Area of ​​the progenitors of the main edible fruits
  • Orchard
  • Experimental fields

Other facilities host the C.I.S.M.E. (Interdepartmental Center for Electronic Microscopy) and the Former Section Plant Biology of the University of Naples Federico II.

Flower bell naples botanical garden


How to reach Naples botanical garden, timetable and tickets


Via Foria 223, Naples


Half body of Cirillo naples botanical garden

Metro Line 2, stop Cavour, walk 800 meters on foot in the direction of Piazza Carlo III

Metro Line 1, stop Museum, walk 800 meters on foot in the direction of Piazza Carlo III

Opening time of Naples botanical garden

From Monday to Friday from 9am to 14pm.

Telephone reservation is required at 0812533937

Tree in the Naples Botanical Garden

On Sundays of the “Maggio dei Monumenti” no reservation is required.

For exceptional openings please consult the official website.


Entrance to the park is free

Aquatic plants naples botanical garden

Organized activities in Naples botanical garden

The scenic garden, with its enchanting atmosphere, is also an open-air theater of pleasing performances for adults and children. It is open to fairytale settings, with themes of theater promotion aimed at children and youth but also to those of the mystery, with other forms of representations oriented to adults.

So much space for the games as well as literature, with depictions of stories from the most read books and homage to the great classical authors such as Homer, Conrad, Mastriani, Leopardi, but also contemporaries. It is advisable to follow the schedule during your stay in Naples so you will not miss these fantastic events.

Cats at the Naples Botanical Garden

In conclusion, the Naples Botanical Garden offers various shades of emotions immersed in the greenery. If you love nature and want to discover parks and other naturalistic places in the city, click here.


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Marina Sarracino

Marina Sarracino nasce a Napoli nel giugno 1987.
Lavora come promotrice culturale nel centro storico di Napoli e collabora come redattrice per alcuni siti dedicati al turismo e alla cultura.
Ha scritto, in qualità di blogger-mapper, alcune guide emozionali di viaggio legate ai territori della sua città e dell’isola di Malta.
Si è laureata in Progettazione e Gestione dei Sistemi Turistici presso l’Università di Napoli Federico II.
Ama scrivere sin da quando era bambina, credendo che la scrittura sia la miglior palestra per allenare la sua fantasia.
È autrice del romanzo “L’arcobaleno nelle occhi”, che racconta di una colorita e intensa storia d’amore ambientata proprio a Napoli.
Scrivere della sua città è per Marina un modo gratificante di valorizzarla.

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