After the process for homosexuality and the prison trial, Oscar Wilde retired in Naples in 1897 with his lover, where, among increasingly shabby beaches, cafés and hotels, he didn’t stop to scandalize and give aphorisms.
Wilde had arrived in Naples together with Lord Alfred Douglas, known as Bosie: he was the father of the young man to denounce the writer, but Oscar was still in love with that fragile, capricious young man. After a brief interval at Hotel Royal, the couple moved to Villa Giudice, via Posillipo 36. “We have a beautiful villa on the sea and a good piano. I attend lessons of Italian conversation three times a week.”
The two had become loyal visitors of the Neapolitan beaches and the cafes, especially Gambrinus, but the Britons in Naples were shocked by that couple and Bosie was warned that he would do better to stay away from Oscar Who just commented: “My own Existence is a scandal. ” Fortunately the Neapolitans had no problem inviting them to celebrations and social appointments.
Several times the poet of Mantova preferred the city of Naples, a source of inspiration and culture, a city where he lived the youthful oties and a place where he attended the Epicurean school of Sirone, the philosopher.
The mantovian poet led a simple and mild life so much that in the Campania’s capital he was remembered by everyone as the Virginello. The first opera by Virgil “Le Bucoliche”, the next “Le Georgiche” and the last “L’Eneide” were written in Naples.
His remains today are located inside the Virgilian Park in Piedigrotta (Naples), to him titled.
On October 2, 1833 Giacomo Leopardi and Antonio Ranieri arrived in Naples, where they settled in Via San Mattia n. 88, on the second floor of Palazzo Berio.
In the early days of staying in Naples, what the Recanatese liked immediately was not just the folklore aspect of the city, but more simply the vitality and vigor, the joy of living of the Neapolitan people.
Leopards is a lonely and melancholy, but the anonymous crowd can calm him down. He feels so much joy in strolling around Toledo and Santa Lucia. Giacomo is irresistibly attracted to this world, he often confuses himself with the crowd and does not despise to buy a lottery ticket or even to suggest a “winning” number to some of the passers-by who, believing that hobs bring good wishes, ask him.
After just two months of stay, Leopardi moves, always with Ranieri, in a large apartment in Via Santa Maria Ogni Bene n. 35, on the slopes of Vomero, where you can breathe “the best air of Naples”, and where Giacomo, according to Ranieri, “significantly reinvigorates […] Leopardi takes up every day more with that air, perhaps unique to his Sick, he takes the daily benefit. ” Giacomo Leopardi died in Naples on June 14, 1837, today his remains lie in the Virgilian Park, Piedigrotta.
Johann Wolfgang Goethe stayed in Naples twice, a few months later, in 1787. His descriptions of Neapolitan places and people are inevitably overwhelmed with the sentimentality typical of Northern travelers of his time: “The city of Naples itself is full of Joy, freedom, life; King [Ferdinand IV of Bourbon] goes hunting, the queen [Maria Carolina of Austria, who gave birth to seventeen children] is waiting for the happy event, and it could not be better than that. ”
The most famous quote on the Parthenonese capital is attributed to him: “See Naples and then die” to mean that after seeing this city, one might conclude the life of the traveler.
“Naples, January 11, 1817. Great entrance: you descend for an hour to the sea through a wide road, dug into the tender rock on which the city is built. Solidity of the walls. Albergo dei Poveri, first building. It is much more impressive than the balmy bouquet in Rome, which is called Porta del Popolo.
I leave. I will not forget neither Toledo Street nor all the other districts of Naples; In my eyes it is, without any comparison, the most beautiful city in the universe” leaving after a month’s stay the city which was, at time, the Bourbon capital of the most important and rich state of the Italian peninsula, the city that rivaled with the French capital: “There are two capitals in Europe: Paris and Naples.“