The neapolitan artistic heritage can compete with any city of the world, thanks to its collection of museums so rich, from every historical era and artistic quality.
Let's make a random selection of 10 museums between the center and the outskirts.
Royal Palace of Naples
Royal Palace: This royal residence is in Mergellina, precisely in piazza del Plebiscito. Fernando Ruiz de Castro wanted it in 1600, he was viceroy of Naples. The palace was planned by Ferdinando Fuga and reworked by many artists and Luigi Vanvitelli was one of them. On the outside there are all the neapolitan kings. The majestic royal residence is an historical apartment, thanks to the many rooms, but it's a fantastic art gallery too, because of the paintings of artists like Tiziano, Luca Giordano, Filippo Palizzi etc. The royal palace has the national library Vittorio Emanuele III too.
Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli
Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli: This is one of the most important archaeological museum of the world, that every art lover must visit in his life. Its art collection is invaluable. First of all we have the Farnese Collection, where there's the imposing Ercole Farnese. Later, there is the collection of Pompei, with archaeological finds from Pompei and Ercolano. Another unbelievable collection is the one egyptian, considered the third in Italy. The numismatics is an other part that can't be missed in this fantastic museum.
Capodimonte National Museum
The Capodimonte National Museum: It's in the homonymous wood, it represents one of the main art gallery in Europe. Charles Bourbon wanted the royal residence in the XVIII century and it was the first royal palace made by the Bourbon family. At the beginning the royal residence would have had the Farnese sculptures, but then they have been taken to the MANN. Now the museum has so many art masterpieces, it has paintings and sculptures. The main artists are Caravaggio, Raffaello, Tiziano and Botticelli. At the end, the royal residence has an armoury and the historical royal apartment too.
Museo Nazionale of San Martino
Museo Nazionale di San Martino: It's located of the hillock of Vomero, inside of the homonymous charterhouse. The entire museum has the church, two cloisters, the typical religious structures (we mean the chapel, the sacristy), and many sections, from which we remind: the monumental courtyhard, the Gothics undergroud, the Farmacia-Spezieria of monks, the section of nativity scene so many others. There is also the section of the gallery of the XVIII century, with many scupltures and about 950 paintings of so important artists. The museum is open since 1866, when the charterhouse was declared national monument.
Zevallos Palace Art Gallery
Palazzo Zevallos, knows also as Zevallos Stigliano, is a monumental building in via Toledo. The building has the homonymous museum that's Intesa Sanpaolo group property.
The building was built between 1637 and 1639 by Cosimo Fanzago, because Giovanni Zevallos wanted a royal building in Via Toledo due to the impossibility to build in the Quartieri Spagnoli. The museum has about 120 pieces, presented in chronological order. We can admire painting from the neapolitan XVII century, from the Posillipo and Resina school in XIX century, but also graphic arts from the XX century. The most important masterpiece of the museum is Il Martirio di Sant'Orsola, made by Caravaggio. The structure is open since 2007.
Madre Museum of Naples
The Madre Museum, known also as Museo d'arte contemporanea Donnaregina, it's located in the center of Naples, in via Luigi Settembrini, near the Duomo and the Museo Archeologico Nazionale. The name descends from the homonymous palace, Palazzo Donnaregina, built by the royal family of Svevi in XIII century. Since 2005 it's a contemporary art gallery. At the beginning, in the second floor there was the permanent collection made by pieces from all the world by many important artists. Then, the museum gave back many works because of an economic crisis.
Sansevero Chapel Museum and the Veiled Christ
Sansevero Chapel Museum: Situated in the middle of the old town of Naples, precisely in via Francesco de Sanctis, the Museo Cappella Sansevero is an authentic jewel of the international artistic heritage.
Build between 1593 and 1766, the chapel presents wonderful artistic masterpieces, first of all there's the Cristo Velato of Giuseppe Sanmartino, sculpture known everywhere that presents a marmoreal cover on Christ's dead body. Others masterpieces are the Pudicizia of Antonio Corradini and the Disinganno of Francesco Queirolo. At last, there are the anatomical machines, that are two bodies where it's possible to observe in detail the entire circulatory system.
Pietrarsa National Railway Museum
Pietrarsa National Railway Museum: This railway museum is located between Naples, Portici and San Giorgio a Cremano, precisely between the sea and the railway station of Pietrarsa-San Giorgio a Cremano. Now it's managed by the foundation FS of Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane. The structure was built by Ferdinando II Bourbon in 1840 as an iron and steel industry, but then it has been a steam locomotive factory. The museum has 7 stands, having so many fascinating locomotives. The structure is a museum since 1989.
The Museum of the Treasure of San Gennaro
The Museum of the Treasure of San Gennaro: this museum is ubicated in the center of Naples, in via Duomo, and its entrance is near the cathedral and the chapel of the treasure. The san Gennaro treasure has always been kept in Naples, but during the second world war it was carried in Vaticano. At the end of the war, in 1947 Giuseppe Navarra brought back the treasure in Naples. The museum is about 700 mq and it presents so many fantastic works: jewels, statues, busts, fine jovens and paintings unvaluable of san Gennaro treasure. It comprises the san Gennaro miter, the san Gennaro necklace and the emblem of san Gennar Order. The museum is open since december 2003.
Palace of Arts in Naples
Palace of Arts in Naples: known also as PAN, this museum is in the historical Carafa building of Roccella in via dei Mille, in Chiaia area. The structure has so many contemporary art galleries in every its various shapes. Therefore, we can observe paintings, sculptures, but also photography, design, comic strip, cinema. The entire building was renovated in 1984, meanwhile in 1998 it became a place to make contemporary art. Successively, it was possibile to exhibit too. The structure it's a museum since 2005, it has tre floors with expositive areas, media library, coffee bar and terraces. It's such a wonderful artistic pole.
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